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Old January 4th, 2013, 03:31 AM   #1
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Default The history of the world textile

The history of the world textile The origin of the study of world textile production, the development of its laws, based on the history of textile technology development as the core, paraneoplastic archeology, ethnology, history, geography, economic history, transportation history, and arts and crafts history of many areas. Textile production technology is the accumulation of the product of the long-term experience in the creative work of the peoples of the world. The birthplace of the world's three major civilizations have a prominent contribution to the development of textile technology. Textile technology in history has experienced two major breakthroughs: ① manual mechanization fully formed hand textile machines; ② industrialization, began work agencies invention after formation of the modern factory system. First leap around 500 BC in China, experienced a 10 to a century and gradually spread to all over the world; the second leaves replaced senescent leap in the next half of the 18th century in Western Europe, the promotion of faster speed than the first, but also After a century. The second half of the 20th century developed capitalist countries, the textile industry began to decline, the gradual rise of the textile industry in developing countries of the Third World. Sooner or later, the time of the original handmade textiles in various regions of the world textile production varies. About 5000 BC, the birthplace of civilization area of ??the world have been using local resources to start a textile production. Such as North Africa, the Nile Basin residents flax textile; China's Yellow River, the Yangtze River Basin residents take advantage of Ge, the hemp textile; South Asian inhabitants of the Indus Valley and South American Inca Empire the people have been using the cotton textile; Asia Minor region has wool textile. The original spinning tool Textile College in this period and the original loom parts in China, Hebei, Zhejiang, South Asia, the Indus Valley, and North Africa, Egypt and other regions. Spinning of proprietary vertical and horizontal two. Greece saved 550 BC vase, useful hanging the Textile College spinning wool ancient homespun image, southwest China ethnic minorities saved leaning the knee site upright Textile College spinning ancient process. The Andean region of South America put horizontal spinning specifically on the legs spinning. The original loom hanging and two tiled, tiled loom two axis with four stakes fixed in the ground, said to loom. Egypt unearthed 4000 BC pottery dish painted the image of this land loom (Figure 1 4000 BC Egyptian pottery dish on the ground loom). Otherwise a narrow ribbon machine with a square or polygon mechanized plate opening, said panel board loom. BC in Egypt for 900 years, the the Scandinavia 200 BC relics have found that the loom. The original loom initially separated by a finger warp opening later switched to a stick and Chief beating-. This stick gradual evolution, with the difference in shape, thickness and functional, that the division of labor with comprehensive pole (or mechanized rod), divided by the stick and beating knife. Comprehensive pole by a development to the roots or the roots, so as to adapt to the needs of the weave pattern. The location is also moved to above the plane of the warp yarns between the warp yarns from the two groups, and wound on a pole on the heald ring sagging gradually set hanging mechanized pole is formed on the root of each of a group of warp yarns. This hanging comprehensive pole plus frame is then widely used heald frame. Guerrero, Mexico and North America Xinanpuwei Buloh region's traditional vertical loom heald frame holds this early style. Human to use the mineral pigment coloring, such as China cavemen and European Cro-Magnon people in the Paleolithic. In many parts of the world are found in the ancient, past the color of the fabric. Vegetable dye madder, indigo, blue Siong, safflower, etc. have been used in China in 3000 BC. India in 2500 BC to use madder and indigo Siong blue and saffron; Egypt in 2000 BC; the Peruvian area residents have long mastered the preparation of cochineal dye. The Neolithic of textile products mainly a variety of short-fiber fabric. Linen fabric such as North Africa, the Nile Basin; South Asia, the Ganges, the Indus Valley cotton fabric; the South America Hua areas cotton, cotton wool interwoven cloth and Mayan weaving system, of sisal cross weaving; along the Caspian Sea, the Aegean Sea wool fabric; China's Yellow River, Yangtze River and West Asia Mesopotamia silk fabrics. In these fabrics, some with hand-painted patterns, some weave a simple pattern, some with embroidery. Some people think that the ancient inhabitants of the Caucasus and even has the original printing. Handmade machines Textile original handmade textile production has experienced a long history of evolution, or before or after each region composed of three parts of the original motive parts, transmission parts, and work parts hand textile machinery, such as hand-cranked spinning wheel, reeling car , foot loom. Original textile tools Textile College and original waist machine still some areas continue to be used, but because of the supporting hand textile machines, various advanced areas into the historical period of the manual machine textile. Hand textile machinery through the dissemination, exchange and gradually improved. Finally, with the generation of complete mechanical transition to centralized power machine industrial production ready technical conditions. China has been basically completed in about 500 BC supporting hand textile machines (see the history of China's textile). Ancient Egypt also use flax spinning wheel (Figure 4 ancient Egyptian flax spinning wheel).more and more in
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